The renewed sense of ‘Asianness’ also has its dark sides. Now that there is one Asian country (China) big and potentially wealthy and powerful enough that others can imagine it dominating the region, old suspicions and animosities have begun to arise. These are distinctively Asian suspicions, because many of them pre-date the colonial era. They relate to very old rivalries over prestige and hierarchies of civilisations and religions. There is a very Asian underpinning to the new dynamics of power competition across that continent.